By Emperor of Rome Theodosius I; Emperor of Rome Theodosius I; Freeman, Charles
Examines the pivotal ways that Theodosius's decree mandating a Christian orthodoxy ended debates concerning the nature of God, exploring the explanations why Theodosius's function was once made to seem as a consensual ruling through the Council of Constantinople.
summary: Examines the pivotal ways that Theodosius's decree mandating a Christian orthodoxy ended debates in regards to the nature of God, exploring the explanations why Theodosius's position used to be made to seem as a consensual ruling by means of the Council of Constantinople
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Additional info for A.D. 381 : heretics, pagans, and the dawn of the monotheistic state
When eventually he signed a peace treaty with the Goths in 369, he trumpeted it as a success, awarding himself the title of Gothicus Maximus, but if he had been stronger he would have imposed clauses allowing him to recruit from the Goths the men he desperately needed to keep up his forces. In 375 there was a fresh challenge to Valens from the Persian Empire. The empire’s ‘king of kings’, Shapur, of the aggressive Sassanian dynasty, was threatening to take control of Armenia, a mountainous kingdom in eastern Anatolia (modern Turkey), which had traditionally been a buffer zone between the two empires.
Paganism includes belief not only in the ancient gods of Greece and Rome and the plethora of other religious movements that are to be found in the late empire, but in all its major philosophies in so far as they were neither Jewish nor Christian. So the term ‘pagan’ includes much more than simply religious beliefs, and this should be borne in mind when it is used here. As a study of the publication dates of books listed in the Bibliography shows, there is a mass of new research in this area which I have attempted to incorporate in my text.
I revel in being asked why an eighth-century icon has ended up in a museum in Florence or to present a summary of Ruskin’s views on Venice. Perhaps most stimulating of all has been my thirty-year involvement with the International Baccalaureate’s Theory of Knowledge course, a student-centred introduction to critical thinking skills. Working with colleagues, now close friends, from all over the world and from a variety of disciplines, our debates are models of what intellectual enquiry should be.
A.D. 381 : heretics, pagans, and the dawn of the monotheistic state by Emperor of Rome Theodosius I; Emperor of Rome Theodosius I; Freeman, Charles