New PDF release: The Cambridge Companion to Descartes' Meditations

By David Cunning

ISBN-10: 1107018609

ISBN-13: 9781107018600

Descartes' tremendously influential Meditations seeks to end up a few theses: that God is an important existent; that our minds are built to trace fact and keep away from errors; that the exterior global exists and offers us with info to maintain our embodiment; and that minds are immaterial components. The paintings is a treasure-trove of perspectives and arguments, yet there are controversies in regards to the info of the arguments and approximately how we're speculated to unpack the perspectives themselves. This better half deals a wealthy selection of new views at the Meditations, displaying how the paintings is dependent actually as a meditation and the way it matches into Descartes' higher philosophical method. themes comprise Descartes' perspectives on philosophical technique, wisdom, skepticism, God, the character of brain, unfastened will, and the diversities among reflective and embodied existence. the amount could be priceless to these learning Descartes and early glossy philosophy extra regularly.

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Extra resources for The Cambridge Companion to Descartes' Meditations

Example text

But the book cannot be understood unless one first learns to comprehend the language and read the letters in which it is composed. 15 Medieval Meditations When Descartes chose to present his first philosophy in the form of a meditation, he was doing something provocative: he was placing himself and his proposals in a tradition going back to Augustine’s Confessions of 397–98 CE and announcing as much to his early modern readers. In order to recognize the fascinating ways in which Descartes uses and transforms the meditative discourse, we need to know more about it.

The Meditations will also recover the view that God exists, or that there is a necessary existent that is eternal and immutable and is the creator of all substances and their modifications (Third Meditation, AT 7: 45). A pre-Meditations meditator might affirm this result, but if he is attending more to the linguistic terms in which it is couched, or to the image of a bearded man on a cloud, he would miss the force of the result, and also the force of its implications. 19 Or, if he is thinking of God, he might pass over and fail to notice an apparent consequence that falls out of a proper understanding of God’s nature: If a man meditates on these things and understands them properly, he is filled with extreme joy .

In his two-part Lives of the Saints of 1583, Alonso de Villegas writes about the ease with which demons The methodology of the Meditations 35 lead people astray. For many authors, the only way to avoid the power of demons is to learn to meditate properly. It is clear that Descartes intended the skeptical arguments of Meditation One to force his readers to doubt all of their beliefs. Scholars have long debated the strategy of the arguments and debated their cogency. But the rhetorical subtlety of the Meditation has not been sufficiently noticed.

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The Cambridge Companion to Descartes' Meditations by David Cunning


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